There are many names for God in the Bible. Enjoy this video and share it …  Paul’s comment that Rufus’s mother was “a mother to me” may be in reference to her ministry to Paul and not just their relationship. This passage has three simple divisions: First, Paul's greetings to the brothers and sisters at Rome (the first 16 verses), then a brief warning about phony Christians who were there in Rome, and Then greetings from the brothers who were with Paul as he wrote. ), these five are probably all prominent members of a house church. Recently I enjoyed preaching on Romans 16. Rom 8:23; 11:16; 1 Cor 16:15. Within those named in chapter 16, probably eight were women. In the latter part of Verse 10 and in Verse 11 two groups are mentioned, involving Christians and, perhaps, non-Christians as well: Greet those who belong to the household of Aristobulus. I should be able to turn it in my PDF reader. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Greet Mary. Evidently, the apostle said something to him, such as, "Tertius, you've written this whole thing and you must have writer's cramps by now. 14:1-15:6), and the women and slaves or former slaves we have met in Romans 16:1-15. Evidently, they handled very important tasks within the church, according to the gifts they had. 1:1 and 1 Tim. There are 24 names mentioned in Rome -- 17 men and 7 women. Undoubtedly the prayers of Andronicus and Junias affected the apostle. That is always a problem within the church when people think one particular thing is most important. CEB. Authentein was not a good thing. And so is the idea of “public” versus “private.” Priscilla and Aquila had a church that met in their home in Rome (Rom. The couple is described in terms of their relationship with Paul (and other apostles) and their ministry. One ancient Greek manuscript and a number of ancient versions read the name “Julia.” Most editors have interpreted it as a man’s name, Junias. 1I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church in Cenchrea. One wonders at the number of them, considering that the writer had never been at Rome. Note the large number of names in Romans 16:3–15 of those then in Rome, and verses 5, 15 and 16 indicate there was more than one church assembly or company of believers in Rome. Romans 16:1 Or servant; Romans 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. Greet those in the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord. I’ve had a busy day and need to take a breather. The word for “church” also occurs in 1 Cor. Paul decides to send greetings from all those people who were with him in Corinth. There is some uncertainty as to whether the second name represented a man (Junias) or a … The Hebrew and Greek scriptures were all handwritten and extremely expensive. The very last letter Paul wrote from his prison cell in Rome was to Timothy. It seems it was the other way around in Corinth. And since most of the Christians were Jewish, they would have heard the scriptures read in synagogues that owned some scrolls. As is the case with most of ... reason why so many women and their family circles are mentioned in Romans 16 is that they. She is one of the group of unknown women in the Gospels who had the gift of helps. Now we have even more names. Karl P. Donfried (Peabody, Mass. One thing is reasonably clear, however, authentein does not refer to ordinary authority. Perhaps surprisingly, there was a lot to learn from the long list of names. Marg Mowczko is an Australian theologian and writer. Paul doesn’t tell the Ephesian men and women that they need to raise holy hands without anger when they pray. Not only do they comprise 35% of the believers mentioned, There were both men and women named Olympis in the ancient world. I am not going to finish it today, however. What a relief, not to be bothered with a church building program! "She has been a help to many others," he says, "and to me.". I cannot see an ecclesiastical office here. Andronicus and Junia were a missionary couple who had been persecuted for their faith. When you obey this, God will work. She had travelled to Rome where one of her tasks was to deliver Paul’s letter. “To teach” is in an emphatic position. (My own transl.). He was a dear friend (literally, “beloved”) of Paul, but we know nothing about him apart from Paul’s claim that he was the first person in Asia Minor who became a Christian. In these first 24 verses there are 33 names mentioned. (More about unnamed women in the Bible here. (Source: Facebook) Image used with his permission. Thank you for your thorough analysis of Romans 16. Andronicus and Junias were relatives of Paul, and since he says they were "in Christ before me," this takes us back to the very first days of the church, back to the ministry of Stephen in Jerusalem. There is a Rufus here in Rome, who is well known, and Paul sends his greetings to him, and reminds him also that Rufus' mother had been his mother too, at some time. 4They risked their lives for me. You can picture them gathered in the home of Gaius, this gracious, genial, generous host of the city, mentioned in Paul's first letter to the Corinthians. When Aristobulus died, his household, i.e., his servants and slaves, became the property of the emperor (and by this time Nero was on the throne, succeeding Claudius, who had been murdered), but his household was still known as the household of Aristobulus. I’ll try and read it tomorrow. Say hello to Ampliatus, my dear friend in the Lord. There is strong suggestion here that Phoebe was a teacher or an evangelist -- a laborer for the gospel with Paul. His two sons, Alexander and Rufus, became outstanding men in the Christian community. I apologize for it being upside down; I am not sure how to change it. Say hello to Apelles, who is tried and true in Christ. Priscilla, with her husband Aquila, explained Christian doctrine to Apollos, and they corrected him, but some insist she was not teaching. God bless you. "You are not your own; you are bought with a price," (1 Corinthians 6:19b-20a NIV). The Greek grammar shows that Philologus and Julia are a couple. People just got together where they could for larger meetings. 11Greet Herodion, my relative. His name means "called," and he certainly proved himself to be one whom God had called. He has called us to a battleground. 11:2-16. I’m still going to be in and out a bit the next week or so, but let’s move ahead a bit in our discussion of gender. 23Gaius, whose hospitality I and the whole church here enjoy, sends you his greetings. It would be helpful if you could give me links to free versions of Edgar’s papers. Here, Paul introduced himself to the Romans Christians by addressing three important characteristic of his apostleship. But it is very clear from this mention here that there were Christians among his household. 5:17; Gal. Not only do they comprise 35% of the believers mentioned, A large number of those named were personal acquaintances of Paul; some had rendered him special service; many were, no doubt, his own converts. Most of the names in this chapter are members of the Roman church that Paul is sending greetings to. 28. Even many synagogues would not have had the complete Old Testament, but only some of the scrolls. I apologize for asking so many questions, but I have just started to study about Christian egalitarianism and am not sure how to respond these objections. Thank you for your consideration of my questions. But “reputation” (doxa) is a key concern in 1 Cor. Apelles is a man whose faith in Christ had been tested in some way, and proven. 12:7 NIV; Col 3:16 CSB). The peace will be preserved without a lot of warfare and dissension. He had met some of them when his and their journeys intersected (e.g., Priscilla and Aquila, Andronicus and Junia). The family of Stephanas were the first converts of Achaia ( 1 Cor. We do not know much more about her, but her name has been preserved forever because of this mention. You never forget that first one you lead to Christ. His readers are “called to belong to Jesus Christ” (Rom. all the house churches, etc), and 1 Cor. Mary Magdalene told Jesus’s disciples the good news that Jesus has risen from the dead, but some insist she was not preaching. The letter to the Romans was carried by a traveling businesswoman, Phoebe, and she is introduced to us in the opening verses of this chapter: I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church in Cenchreae. in a maternal way towards him. (Also, Adam was literally “with” Eve; he might have been beside her throughout the conversation between the snake and Eve.). The word is the same for male or female.) 19Everyone has heard about your obedience, so I am full of joy over you; but I want you to be wise about what is good, and innocent about what is evil. But this passage is not a dry list of names. For that I am very grateful. The last paragraph is reserved for next Sunday and our Communion service. It took weeks to reach cities that we now reach in less than an hour by plane. Julia; probably the wife of Philologus. But this passage is not a dry list of names. The photo that shows up when this article is shared on social media is of Joanne Whalley and John Lynch who play Priscilla and Aquila in the 2018 movie Paul: Apostle of Christ. 1 Timothy 2:8-10 is about bad behaviour and wrong practices. There are many names for God in the Bible. May God continue to bless you in your blog-ministry, and let your heart be warmed often! Even the father of our country felt the urge to gain a kind of immortality by carving his name on the rock. After the service they invited him home to dinner (That is a wonderful thing to do for a preacher!) (Romans 16:3-5 NIV). 3:8,12.  Paul had not yet visited the church at Rome, but he was already acquainted with some of their ministers. 21. 14:34-35 does make a distinction between a church meeting and a wife asking her husband a question or two in the privacy of their own home. It means that she had assumed a ministry on behalf of the church. Phoebe (Koine Greek: Φοίβη) was a first-century Christian woman mentioned by the Apostle Paul in his Epistle to the Romans, verses 16:1-2.A notable woman in the church of Cenchreae, she was trusted by Paul to deliver his letter to the Romans. (My own transl.). 6Greet Mary, who worked very hard for you. Ampliatus was a common male name, especially of slaves in the imperial household, but we know nothing about this man except that he was a dear friend (“beloved”) of Paul. I’m glad it’s useful to you. Its inclusion in both places in some manuscripts is thought by scholars to have been accidental. In addition, it was mentioned that I Corinthians 11:2-16 may have been about a small, informal gathering of believers to pray or meet, and I Corinthians 14:33- 35 is about speech in the public church gathering for teaching and preaching.  More about Phoebe here. Rather, it gives insight into the church in Rome and it reveals Paul’s esteem and regard for some of the believers there. 16:1,2 - Phoebe is a deaconess (diakonos) in the church of Cenchrea, a “helper (prostatis) of many” including Paul. 1. The name of the grandson of Herod the … Thank you for the wonderful analysis! Thank you very much, Marg, for a very thorough presentation (especially your handwritten note) of Romans 16 in its setting, and your thoughts on the contents. Your email address will not be published. No matter how many others follow, you never forget the firstfruits. 1. So Paul commends her to these Christians in Rome, and asks them not only to receive her, but to help her. Five names are given in verse 14. Paul wanted to foster unity among the believers in Rome and between the different house churches. Here were Tryphaena and Tryphosa. And Edgar’s assumption that “the verb ‘teach’ concerns a position commonly connected with authority” has no basis in the New Testament (cf. I apologize again for asking so many questions, and I thank you for your insight. "Greet those in the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord." 1 Cor. 27. If so, it means that even in the royal household there were a number of Christian servants and slaves who exercised great influence on the leaders of Rome -- even the emperor himself. And what a testimony they left us. That is why, at the beginning of this letter, he says, their "faith is being reported all over the world," (Romans 1:8 NIV). There is a very helpful passage here on what to do about problems within the church: Here is a group of people who are professing Christians, but, who, to judge by the apostle's language, are not truly believers. Some scholars believe, however, that the last chapter of Romans was not originally part of Paul’s letter to the Romans, but part of a letter the apostle wrote to the Christians in Ephesus. Blessings for your continued messages of enlightenment and understanding for the people of God. As does the one prohibition interpretation: “I am not allowing a woman to teach a man in a domineering manner …”. The New Testament books and letters were written between 50-100 AD. After Mary, Paul mentions the couple Andronicus and Junia. This inspiring video shows several of the most important Hebrew names of God. 6. There seems to be little doubt that Rufus, along with his brother Alexander, mentioned in the Gospel of Mark, were the sons of Simon of Cyrene. He says that even the twelve apostles in Jerusalem held them in high regard. Jehovah Elohim – The eternal creator (Genesis 2:4-5) Jehovah Adonai – The Lord our sovereign; Master Jehovah (Genesis 15:2, 8) Jehovah Jireh – The Lord will see or provide (Genesis 22:8-14) CEB. That’s an interesting and valid point about Genesis 3:17, Taylor. And Edgar makes no comment about word order in 1 Tim 2:12, at least not yet in the pages I read. Prisca’s name is listed before her husband’s in four of the six times their names are mentioned in the New Testament. 2. Nereus is another fascinating name. Tryphosa Romans 16:12, Greet those labourers in the Lord, Tryphaena and Tryphosa. Epaenetus was never forgotten, for he was the first one to believe the gospel when Paul came to the province of Asia, of which Ephesus was the capital. That is the way Christianity should work. By St. Paul in the Bible does the word is the eighth listed... Romans is a husband and wife team, or healthy, exercise authority. 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